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The fungus that causes Ramularia leaf spot in barley is the latest organism to have its genome sequenced and investigated.
Since the late 1990s, UK farmers growing barley have seen the yields and quality of their harvests hurt by an emerging disease called Ramularia leaf spot. The disease is caused by the pathogenic fungus Ramularia collo-cygni. Now a team of scientists studying this fungus have sequenced and explored its genome.
A partnership between wheat scientists at Rothamsted Research and Seed Co Ltd, Africa’s largest seed company, is attempting to breed wheat resistant to two aphid species.
Smallholder farmers growing wheat crops in southern Africa face losing up to half of their wheat yields to aphids. Pesticides that could prevent such attacks are often too expensive, but scientists are screening wheat lines to look for a new, cheaper way to protect African wheat from aphids. The scientists hope to identify resistance to two major aphid pests and breed the trait into wheat suitable for African climates.
Scientists have tracked the flight paths of bumble bees throughout their entire lives to find out how they explore their environment and search for food.
Scientists have tracked the flight paths of a group of bumble bees throughout their entire lives in what is thought to be the first lifetime tracking study of any animal in such detail. The new study used a radar to show how individual bees explore their environment and search for food. The findings showed that individual bumble bees differ greatly in the way they fly around the landscape when foraging for nectar and pollen.
Prof. Toby Bruce describes current crop protection challenges and the CROPROTECT network he has developed.
UK farmers are currently facing a huge problem which undermines the viability of their businesses and their economic competitiveness: the pests, weeds and diseases that attack their crops are becoming pesticide-resistant. Our farmers don’t have enough tools in the toolkit to stop their harvests from being destroyed. Developing sustainable crop protection was already a major issue for the industry, but now with uncertainties regarding farm incomes after Brexit it is all the more critical.
Scientists at Rothamsted Research develop technique to study the effects of beneficial bacteria that live inside wheat plants.
Most plants have harmless bacteria living inside their tissues, known as ‘endophytes’, which can benefit plants by providing nutrients and suppressing diseases. Scientists have developed a new technique to grow wheat plants without any endophytes, allowing them to introduce different bacterial species into them, which will reveal more about this interaction. The researchers hope that the method could give insights enabling the production of cereal plants with increased yields.
Rothamsted Research, established in 1843, has been delivering knowledge and innovation that benefit agriculture globally. The international impact of Rothamsted Research is the result of the cumulative efforts of an international community of scientists and institute employees. Almost a quarter of staff members, visiting workers and PhD students currently come from European Union countries.
Find out about the cutting edge North Wyke Farm Platform facility and discuss the latest findings with scientists from Rothamsted Research.
Scientists from Rothamsted Research North Wyke are exhibiting this year at the Livestock Event on 6-7th July at the Birmingham NEC. The North Wyke stand, FF364, in the Field Forage exhibition is entitled “How the North Wyke Farm Platform is identifying sustainable solutions for grassland livestock production”.
Rothamsted Research launches contest for children and young adults, on the theme of agricultural landscapes and practices.
Rothamsted Research is supporting and encouraging the engagement of children and young adults with agriculture. To this end, Rothamsted Research is delighted to announce that the ‘Illuminating Life: Personal Encounters’ photo-story competition is back for its second year. Rothamsted Research has been advancing agriculture by providing scientific knowledge and innovation for over 170 years, and has selected agricultural landscapes and practices as the theme of this year’s contest.
This is a special announcement regarding the diamondback moth and covers observations up until the 10th June 2016. Diamondback moths are an important migratory pest of brassicas, causing feeding and cosmetic damage that can lead to severe losses in cruciferous crops. The diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) is a species often described a 'super-pest' because they have been found to be resistant to most insecticides, including pyrethroids and diamide.
Newly sequenced genomes of soil bacteria in the group Bradyrhizobium help researchers to understand its effects beyond soil.
Soils are teeming with bacteria whose effects we are just beginning to understand. One of the most abundant and active groups of bacteria in soils is called Bradyrhizobium. For the first time from European soils, scientists have sequenced the genome of Bradyrhizobium, giving a glimpse into their activity and revealing differences with strains from other parts of the world.
Rothamsted Research is one of four major partners involved in new projects aiming to improve crop rotations economically and environmentally.
Looking beyond the factors affecting crop performance within a season, an ambitious new research programme aims to uncover the features of successful crop rotations. To deliver the programme, Rothamsted Research will work in partnership with NIAB CUF, Lancaster University and the James Hutton Institute, along with 14 other organisations from across the agricultural and horticultural industries. The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB), which commissioned the research, has awarded £1.2m in funding to address challenges in soil and water management across whole rotations.
'UK soils need protecting and restoring'—Prof. Steve McGrath comments on Parliament Soil Health Report
Professor Steve McGrath, Head of Sustainable Soils and Grassland Systems Department at Rothamsted Research responds to the Environmental Audit Committee's new report.
One of the benefits of the UN’s declaration of 2015 as the International Year of Soils was that the UK Parliament took notice of what is now called “Soil Health”. According to the just-released House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee first report, soil health is multi-faceted, depending on a range of biological, chemical and physical factors. This is well known to soil scientists and to most of those who work in agriculture.
Researchers find cluster of genes responsible for the matte, bluish-grey colour of cultivated wheat and barley.
In young plants, you can sometimes distinguish cultivated wheat varieties from wild species by their colour. Wild wheat appears either glossy green or a matte bluish-grey, but cultivated varieties are almost always the latter. The bluish-grey colour comes from a waxy film thought to increase yields and protect the plant from environmental stress, particularly drought and diseases. The genes that produce the coating have long eluded researchers, but work by an international team has now revealed them.
New partnership between Rothamsted Research and the INIA in Uruguay will explore ways to manage grasslands and livestock more sustainably.
Researchers from Uruguay this week met with colleagues from Rothamsted Research at the Institute’s sites in North Wyke and Harpenden. The visit marks the start of a new partnership between scientists from Rothamsted Research in the UK and the Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria (INIA) in Uruguay.
Visit Stand 702 at Cereals 2016 to discover how cutting edge bioscience research is delivering real benefits for agriculture.
Scientists from Rothamsted Research, the Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS) and the John Innes Centre (JIC) and will be on hand to showcase the latest in arable farming research. The three research institutes will together display their work to 25,000 arable farmers and agronomists at Stand 702 at the event on the 15th and 16th of June in Chrishall Grange, Cambridgeshire.
Willow breeders at Rothamsted Research source native species from the National Willow Collection to plant at new arboretum.
Scientists from Rothamsted Research have selected nine species of willow, native to Britain, to plant in an arboretum at the nearby Heartwood Forest. Owned by the Woodland Trust, the 350-hectare Heartwood forest includes a ten-hectare arboretum in which local volunteers have planted around 60 native species of trees and shrubs. Identifying species is notoriously hard in willows, and willows sold by plant nurseries are often hybrids rather than pure species, lacking the guarantee of UK origin that the Woodland Trust requires.
Cranfield University has signed a strategic co-operation agreement with Rothamsted Research, the longest running agricultural research institute in the world. The agreement builds on the two organisations’ long-standing collaboration over the years and strengthens their working partnership. Under the agreement, Cranfield and Rothamsted will work on several new initiatives to foster science and innovation in key areas of shared expertise, in environment and agrifood.
Good news for biodiversity from the world’s oldest ecological experiment at Rothamsted Research in Harpenden
Rothamsted Research hosts event to celebrate 160th anniversary of the Park Grass Experiment in Harpenden and highlight recent findings.
Running continuously since 1856, Park Grass is the world’s oldest ecological experiment and this year marks its 160th anniversary. To celebrate the anniversary and recent findings from the experiment, Rothamsted Research hosted an event on Tuesday 18th May for the public to discuss the global importance of the Park Grass Experiment and to visit the site.
Mutations discovered that enable parasitic varroa mites from south-east USA to survive previously effective treatment with the pyrethroid tau-fluvalinate.
To control levels of the parasitic mite varroa within hives, many beekeepers use the chemical tau-fluvalinate, marketed as Apistan®, but its effectiveness has been decreasing since the mid-1990s.
Scientists have identified two new mutations in varroa collected from Florida and Georgia, USA, that give the parasites resistance to tau-fluvalinate. The discovery of the two mutations enables testing of varroa populations to determine whether the chemical will be effective.
The UK-China Virtual Joint Centre for Improved Nitrogen Agronomy begins work, led by scientists at Rothamsted Research and China Agricultural University.
A new partnership between researchers in the UK and China has held its first meeting to find ways of improving nitrogen fertiliser use and reducing the environmental impact of agriculture.
The new Centre for Improved Nitrogen Agronomy (CINAg) is led by Dr Tom Misselbrook at Rothamsted Research and Professor Fusuo Zhang of China Agricultural University. With a range of partners in the UK and China, the virtual joint centre will work to improve sustainability of Chinese agriculture and long-term food security.
The International Association for Cereal Science and Technology (ICC) announces Professor Shewry as winner of the 2016 award.
Professor Peter Shewry has received the Clyde H. Bailey medal in recognition of his research into the development, structures and composition of the wheat grain. His work at Rothamsted Research focuses on improving wheat quality for human health, particularly on enhancing fibre and phenolic acid content, and performance in milling and bread-making. The medal recognises outstanding achievements in the service of cereal science and technology.
Rothamsted Research publishes a short report that highlights key changes in climate, pollution and biodiversity during the first 20 years of monitoring at its North Wyke site near Okehampton, Devon.
Scientists carrying out long-term monitoring at the North Wyke site of Rothamsted Research have detected trends in the biodiversity and the environment. Lower surface wind speeds, decreased concentrations of pollutants in rainfall and fluctuations in the abundances of butterflies and moths are among the changes recorded. The main findings from the first 20 years of monitoring at North Wyke are described in a short report written by scientists at Rothamsted Research.
The trial will test whether GM Camelina sativa plants are able to make significant quantities of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and astaxanthin in the seed of the plant under field conditions.
Rothamsted Research submitted an application on February 1st 2016 to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs for permission to carry out a GM field trial on the Rothamsted Farm in 2016 and 2017. The risk assessment was reviewed by the independent Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE), and a 48-day public consultation was carried out by Defra. ACRE is satisfied that all scientific issues raised by the public with respect to this application have been addressed.
Rothamsted Research launches a video and blog series highlighting the work of early career Research Scientists and PhD students.
Have you ever wondered what a day in the life of a Research Scientist is like? With Rothamsted’s 'A day in the life of a Research Scientist’ wondered no longer! This regular blog series will give an insight into: who our scientists are; what their career journey has been so far; the type of scientific research they are involved in; why you may find their work of interest to you; their ups and downs; what drives, excites and challenges the
Rothamsted Research brings together all European willow breeders in an independent trial hosted by Easton & Otley College at their Norfolk campus.
Willows (Salix spp.) are among the fastest growing trees in temperate latitudes and many species are amenable to growth in highly productive short rotation coppice (SRC) cycles. Rothamsted Research, which receives strategic funding from BBSRC, breeds willows a perennial non-food crop, as a source of renewable woody feedstock for bioenergy and the emerging bioeconomy.